Carbon County Pennsylvania Groundwater Guardian Community

KnowYourH2O Community Outreach

The Keystone Clean Water Team (501 c3) originated in Carbon County, PA, as the Carbon County Groundwater Guardian Program. The Carbon County Groundwater Guardian Group was a local offshoot of The Groundwater Foundation Groundwater Guardian program. Groundwater Guardian was a program of The Groundwater Foundation that provides support and encouragement for communities and teams of all types (cities, counties, watersheds, organizations, agencies, schools, etc.) to begin groundwater awareness activities, motivation to continue these efforts, and recognition for their achievements. Groundwater Guardian is a program of The Groundwater Foundation that provides support and encouragement for communities and teams of all types (cities, counties, watersheds, organizations, agencies, schools, etc.) to begin groundwater awareness activities, motivation to continue these efforts, and recognition for their achievements and our local chapter was considered a recognized Groundwater Guardian Community from 2000 through 2019 (Ground Guardian Profile 2011 AND 2019).

The Keystone Clean Water Team (KCWT) -Carbon County Groundwater Guardian Program (CCGG) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, volunteer, environmental education organization that provides homeowners with information on private wells, water quality and quantity, and septic systems. We are dedicated to protecting private well owners from illnesses caused by our drinking water. We advance good groundwater stewardship by raising awareness of various groundwater issues that affect everyone with a private water supply. We can help you get your water tested at the lab of your choice and explain the test results.

Our Most active project was from 2004 to 2009, Northeast Pennsylvania Polycythemia Vera (PV) Investigation.

In 2004, using state cancer registry records, the Pennsylvania Department of Health (PADOH) found a PV cluster in northeast Pennsylvania. PV is part of a disease group called myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), a group of slow-growing blood cancers where the bone marrow makes too many red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets.

In 2006, ATSDR was asked to help study PV patterns in the area. From 2007-2008, ATSDR reviewed medical records, conducted genetic testing, and confirmed this PV cluster.

In 2009, Congress funded ATSDR to continue this investigation. ATSDR oversees 18 projects with PADOH, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, and various universities and private organizations. These projects are based on recommendations from an expert panel. The panel identified four areas for investigation: epidemiology, genetics, toxicology, and environmental studies.

In 2014, the last of the contracts for the 18 different projects ended. Learn More

Keystone Clean Water Team website

Carbon County Groundwater Guardian Blog Site

PSAs and Videos

Recent Blog Posts

Polycythemia vera and the Links to Radon and Radium (Pennsylvania Case Study)

Healthy Drinking Water and Healthy Homes – Communicating to the Public: What is a Drinking Water Advisory?

Healthy Homes, Healthy Communities, and Healthy Drinking Water Initiatives or Programs

WellSeal™ Gives Well Owners and Well Drillers Peace of Mind About Groundwater and Drinking Water Safety

Protect Yourself and Your Pets from Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)

Livestock and Agriculture Water Quality and Drinking Water and the Farmer

Stormwater Management for Homeowners

Do Birds Eat Plastic?

Get Informed

The following are links to some of the past presentations made to the Birchwood Lakes Community on groundwater and water well testing and a podcast on septic systems:

Oram Podcast on Septic Systems – Titled "Properly Maintaining Your On-Lot Septic System" (Apple Podcast)

Groundwater Flow Model – An Educational Tool

Maintain Your Well and Septic System

Poconos Groundwater Resource Management – Maintaining Well Yield and Groundwater Quality

Private Well Owner – Drinking Water Issues– Part I

Private Well Owner – Drinking Water Issues – Part II

Water Cycle and Groundwater in Pennsylvania – Marcellus Shale Issues (Natural Gas, Fracking, Hydraulic Fracturing, Unconventional Energy)

Wellhead Protection: a PA Perspective

Rain Barrel Workshop with the Carbon County Environmental Education Center
The Carbon County Environmental Education Center hosts various programs to promote awareness about major environmental problems and how people can combat them.

Presentation: 2022

Presentation: 2023

Local Groundwater Quality

Based on past water testing in the region and the community, the following are the primary contaminants or conditions of concern. One interesting problem is that the groundwater in the area is inherently pure. It can be corrosive to metal piping and fixtures, leach metals out of the local bedrock, and create a nuisance.

Learn about the following contaminants or conditions in our Get Informed Contaminants Section.

Pennsylvania Groundwater Quality Guide

PA Groundwater Monitoring Data (USGS) - Welcome to the Pennsylvania Groundwater Monitoring Network data mapper. The Pennsylvania Water Science Center has collected water quality data for the Groundwater Monitoring Network since 2015; to date, 353 samples have been collected from 28 wells across the State of Pennsylvania.

CB 104 Carbon County Observation Well – 410123075425401

How to Shock Disinfect a Well and the Chemical We Recommend

Bacteria in Drinking Water

Lead in Drinking Water and Potentially Corrosive Water

Corrosion / Corrosivity (Copper, Zinc, low pH, low Alkalinity, low Hardness, and elevated metals aluminum, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, etc.)

Iron and Manganese Issues with Drinking Water

Methane, Dissolved Gas (Naturally Occurring – relatively low levels), and Radon ( Radon in air / Radon in water) 

Arsenic in Drinking Water (Based on findings by the USGS for the region and not specifically the Birchwood Lakes Community)

Lake Communities: Harmful Algal Blooms May Impact You, Your Pond or Lake, Your Well, and Your Pet

Check out our Drinking Water Self-Diagnostic Tool as the first step in your path to remediating your water issues. If you are new to the area, we recommend obtaining a copy of the Neighborhood Environmental Hazards Report for your address. We are happy to offer assistance if you need help evaluating the well and drilling water quality. Assistance is typically facilitated through the Keystone Clean Water Team (Site & Blog).

Get Tested

We offer or facilitate a series of options when it comes to water testing. In addition, we offer Community-based or Event-based Outreach Programs.

Level 1 – Observational Self Testing

Self-Diagnostic Tool Our online questionnaire is a quick and easy way to self-diagnose your water quality issues by simply answering a series of questions. All that is required is observations you can see, smell, taste, or cause a nuisance.

Level2 – In-Home Self-Screening Tests

Safe Home WELL WATER DIY In-home Screening Test Kit (Well Water Test for Private Wells)

Level3 – Mail Order Screening Lab Test Kits

New Homeowners to Region – Quick FHA/VA Bacteria, Iron, Manganese, Lead, Nitrate, Nitrite, pH, Turbidity Test

Common test kits recommended for private well owners in Carbon County, PA:

WaterCheck Deluxe - Private Well Water Screening Test with Bacteria (Comprehensive Test – Done Initially)

WaterCheck Basic - Screening test done annually

Typical test kits recommended for public water systems in Carbon County, PA:

City Water Basic - Screening test done annually

CityWater Standard – If you suspect a very high issue with chlorine or chlorineby-products

But in a few cases, additional testing may be needed for nuisance bacteria or compounds, so if this is the case, you may want to Contact Mr.Brian Oram.

Get Treatment

The products listed below may be a solution to your situation. If you would like to get any information about these products or make a purchase, click the links below to view the Crystal Quest or the US Water Systems website in a new tab or window. If you would like to get an anonymous review of your results by Crystal Quest, we can send them a copy of your testing results without your contact information.

Point-of-Use Products

Point-of-Use Filters to Remove Trace Metals

Point-of-Use Filters to Remove Lead

Point-of-Use Filters to Remove Arsenic

Point-of-Use Reverse Osmosis Treatment

Whole-house Applications

Greensand Filter (Iron and Manganese)- Common Problem in Carbon County, PA

Standard Water Softener

Salt-Free Water Conditioner (Slight Hardness Reductions)

Neutralizing Filters (low pH or acidic water)- Common Problem in Carbon County, PA

Arsenic Removal System

UV Disinfection System (We do not recommend a DIY (Do-It-Yourself) )

Whole House Reverse Osmosis Systems (Additional Pretreatment typically required includes Water Softener, Particle Filtration, and UV disinfection) (We strongly recommend getting a complete RO Scan Water Quality Test before buying any RO system)

Learn More about Reverse Osmosis and the Complete RO Scan

The Pioneer is a one-of-a-kind whole-house lead, cyst, and POFA/PFOS removal system. This system is designed to deliver clean water to the 18+ million Americans living in communities with lead pipe water mains and the 180+ million Americans with tap water contaminated with PFOA/PFOS. Due to the unique nature and cost of replacement cartridges for this system, we recommend proper pretreatment to extend the filter life as long as possible.

Local Professional Water Specialists

Duane Moyer Well Drilling

(Shock Disinfection, Well Drilling, Pump Service, and Water Treatment)
336 Gilberts Hill Rd
Lehighton, PA 18235
Phone: 570-386-5508 
View Page

Pocono Well and Pump Service

(Shock Disinfection, Water Treatment, Pump Service, and Grinder Pump Repair)
21 Walbert Drive
Stroudsburg, PA 18360
Phone: 570-243-1679 
View Page

Note: We've teamed up with various select partners to help support the KnowYourH2O Path to Clean Water mission regarding Testing, Treatment, and Training. To learn more about each company and its products and services Click Here.